This volume provides the most important essays and papers on urban and regional policy, making it a convenient summary of the key theories, approaches and research results.
The study of sub-national politics is no longer mainly concerned with the urban political decision-making process and now focuses on the political, economic and social preconditions for urban policy. As the articles and papers reprinted in this volume demonstrate, local and regional politics are increasingly important features of most Western democracies. Economic and political life are more and more determined by changes occurring at the local, regional and global levels rather than at the national level.
This volume seeks to cover the most important elements of research on local government with a particular emphasis on different approaches and theories of urban political economy. The volume covers, in turn, the study of urban politics and government, theories of local government, central–local relationships and local autonomy, local politics, the political economy of local government and regional policy.
Part I: Urban Policy
A. Theories of Local Government
1. E. Page (1982), ‘The Value of Local Autonomy’
2. L.J. Sharpe (1970), ‘Theories and Values of Local Government’
3. M. Goldsmith (1992), ‘Local Government’
4. R.A. Dahl (1967), ‘The City in the Future of Democracy’
5. M. Dear (1981), ‘A Theory of the Local State’
6. A. Kirby (1989),‘State, Local State, Context, and Spatiality: A Reappraisal of State Theory’
7. D. Ashford (1975), ‘Theories of Local Government: Some Comparative Considerations’
B. Central–Local Relationships and Local Autonomy
8. L.J. Sharpe (1988), ‘The Growth and Decentralisation of the Modern Democratic State’
9. E.C. Page and M.J. Goldsmith (1987), ‘Centre and Locality: Explaining Crossnational Variation’.
10. D.S. King (1987), ‘The State, Capital and Urban Change in Britain’
11. R. Warren (1990), ’National Urban Policy and the Local State: Paradoxes of Meaning, Action, and Consequences’
12. R. Hambleton (1989), ‘Urban Government under Thatcher and Reagan’
C. Local Politics
13. P. Bachrach and M.S. Baratz (1962), ‘Two Faces of Power’
14. K. Newton (1982), ‘Is Small Really so Beautiful? Is Big Really so Ugly? Size, Effectiveness, and Democracy in Local Government’
15. C.N. Stone (1980), ‘Systemic Power in Community Decision Making: A Restatement of Stratification Theory’
16. K. Newton and L.J. Sharpe (1977), ‘Local Outputs Research: Some Reflections and Proposals’
D. The Political Economy of Local Government: The Politics of Place
17. C.M. Tiebout (1956), ‘A Pure Theory of Local Expenditure’
18. P.E. Peterson (1979), ‘A Unitary Models of Local Taxation and Expenditure Policies in the United States’
19. H. Molotch (1976), ‘The City as a Growth Machine: Toward a Political Economy of Place’
20. G. Stoker (1992), ‘The Comparative Study of Urban Regimes’.
21. T. Swanstrom (1988), ‘Semisovereign Cities: The Politics of Urban Development’
22. P. Kantor (1987), ‘The Dependent City: The Changing Political Economy of Urban Economic Development in the United States’
23. H. Molotch (1990), ‘Urban Deals in Comparative Perspective’
Part II: Regional Policy
24. R.D.P. Smith (1968), ‘The Changing Urban Hierarchy’
25. M. Keating (1988), ‘Does Regional Government Work? The Experience of Italy, France and Spain’
26. D. Massey (1979), ‘In What Sense a Regional Problem?’
27. M. Chisholm (1985), ‘De-Industrialisation and British Regional Policy’
28. J.N. Marshall (1985), ’Business Services, the Regions and Regional Policy’
29. C.F. Sabel (1989), ‘Flexible Specialisation and the Re-emergence of Regional Economies’
30. A.R. Markusen and V. Carlson (1989), ’Deindustrialization in the American Midwest: Causes and Responses’