European Science And Technology Policy
Towards Integration or Fragmentation?
, Ugur Muldur
, Luc Soete
Edited by Henri Delanghe, PhD, European Commission, Belgium, Ugur Muldur, PhD, European Commission, Belgium and Luc Soete, PhD, Director, UNU-MERIT and Professor of International Economics, Maastricht University, the Netherlands
|2009 392 pp Hardback 978 1 84844 330 3
|2011 Paperback 978 1 84980 025 9
|ebook isbn 978 1 84980 328 1
Hardback £98.00 on-line price £88.20
Paperback £39.00 on-line price £31.20
Available as an eBook for subscribing libraries on .
For individuals at paper price on and
Other eBook partners.
‘This volume gives an excellent overview of science and technology policy in Europe in the post-war period. Experts with a background in research and policy explain the historical and theoretical roots of the European Research Area. Contributions illuminate the tension between science policy and innovation policy and the difficulties to balance national, European and global priorities. Critical assessments of how the ERA has affected the overall performance of Europe lead to interesting proposals for how to cope with old and new challenges.’
– Bengt-Åke Lundvall, University of Aalborg, Denmark
Contributors: K. Aerts, R. Boyer, S. Breschi, C. Calero-Medina, P. Caracostas, D. Czarnitzki, H. Delanghe, H. Dernis, G. Dosi, J. Dratwa, V. Duchêne, D. Guellec, L. Guzzetti, W. Hansen, P. Llerena, E. Lykogianni, F. Malerba, U. Muldur. K. Orsini, P. Papon, B. Sloan, L. Soete, C. Svanfeldt, M. Sylos Labini, P. Tindemans, T.N. van Leeuwen, A.F.J. van Raan, A. Verbeek, N.S. Vonortas
Full table of contents
This innovative book focuses on the most important concept underpinning current European Union research policy. It describes the history and concept of the European Research Area (ERA), analyses some of the underlying assumptions, assesses some of its achievements, and takes a brief look at its future.
European Science and Technology Policy deals with the notion of the ERA, a coordinated and effective European Research Area, the successful achievement of which is the main objective of EU research policy under the Lisbon Treaty. The book demonstrates that almost ten years after the formal launch of the ERA concept, little top-down progress seems to have been made in terms of achieving better governance of the European research landscape. However, tangible bottom-up progress has been made towards harmonizing research beyond the existing uncoordinated national, intergovernmental and supranational policy schemes.
Given the current ongoing ERA debate, this timely publication will be an invaluable tool for technology and innovation policymakers and practitioners in Europe. It will also appeal to scholars and students in the fields of science, technology and innovation.
PART I: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
1. Post-war Research, Education and Innovation Policy-making in Europe
2. Intergovernmental Cooperation in the Making of European Research
3. A European Research Area Built by the Member States?
4. The ‘European Research Area’ Idea in the History of Community Policy-making
5. Analysing Community Policies
PART II: THEORETICAL ISSUES
6. From the Lisbon Agenda to the Lisbon Treaty: National Research Systems in the Context of European Integration and Globalization
7. The Returns to Public Research Funding
Kris Aerts and Dirk Czarnitzki
8. Scale and Scope in Research
Nicholas S. Vonortas
9. ERA and the Role of Networks
Stefano Breschi and Franco Malerba
10. Transnational Collaboration in Public Research Funding and Publicly Supported Research in Europe
Henri Delanghe, Brian Sloan and Ugur Muldur
PART III: ACHIEVEMENTS
11. The EU R&D Under-investment: Patterns in R&D Expenditure and Financing
Vincent Duchêne, Elissavet Lykogianni and Arnold Verbeek
12. Does the ‘European Paradox’ Still Hold? Did it Ever?
Giovanni Dosi, Patrick Llerena and Mauro Sylos Labini
13. The European Research Area and Human Resources in Science and Technology
14. Performance of European Science: Research Networks and Profiles of EU Countries in a Global Perspective
Anthony F.J. van Raan, Thed N. van Leeuwen and Clara Calero-Medina
15. The Levelling Off of the Integration of European Technology
Dominique Guellec and Hélène Dernis
16. The European Research Area as Industrial Policy Tool
PART IV: CONCLUSIONS
17. The Future of the European Research Area
Paraskevas Caracostas, Ugur Muldur and Kristian Orsini
Conclusion and Perspectives