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Intellectual Property Rights

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Intellectual Property Rights

Innovation, Governance and the Institutional Environment

Birgitte Andersen

Edited by Birgitte Andersen, Professor of the Economics and Management of Innovation, School of Business, Economics and Informatics, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK

2006 384 pp Hardback 978 1 84542 269 1
ebook isbn 978 1 84720 152 2

Hardback £102.00 on-line price £91.80

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Description
‘For a long time we have thought about IPRs as a policy instrument to avoid a "tragedy of commons". The essays collected by Birgitte Andersen show that in the XXI century economy there is another, and so far underestimated, danger: a sort of "tragedy of markets" where every knowledge or cultural expression becomes privatised. This will generate a greater knowledge and culture divide, with an increased corporate dominance. Those who are afraid of the dangers of exclusion and believe that open access to science, technology and culture will lead us in a more intriguing world will find convincing arguments and explanations in this volume.’
– Daniele Archibugi, Italian National Research Council, Italy

There is a growing need to understand the role of the regulation of intellectual property rights (IPRs), in order not only to achieve economic performance, growth and sustainable development at corporate, sectoral and global levels, but also to provide a higher quality of life for communities worldwide.

Contents
Contents: Part I: Intellectual Property Rights and the Global Commons Part II: The Rationales for Intellectual Property Rights Revisited Part III: The Performance of the Patenting Process Part IV: Coordinating Institutions of Intellectual Property Rights Governance Index Contributors: B. Andersen, C. Bessy, S. Breschi, E. Brousseau, M. Camara, L. Cassi, J.L. Christensen, B. Coriat, L.N. Davis, S.J.H. Graham, O. Granstrand, F. Macmillan, F. Malerba, R.R. Nelson, F. Orsi

Further information

‘. . . the contributions allow for a multi-sector, international and historically informed appreciation of the shaping of innovation by intellectual capital. This is a welcome addition to a vital but poorly understood area.’
– Mark Winskel, Science and Public Policy

‘The book presents an impressive line-up of experts in the increasingly relevant field of law and economics, an area that has particular relevance to the issue of IP rights. The book comes precisely at a time when there is a growing debate about the role of empirical evidence in the field of IP. . . The book editor has done an excellent job producing a quality product. . . this is a highly recommended collection.’
– Andrés Guadamuz, Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice

‘Intellectual property policy has been framed too commonly in terms of refining and strengthening legal rights. As intellectual property grows in scope and importance, the limitations of this narrow approach have become all too apparent. This important collection puts the policy problems in proper perspective by assembling the work of leading scholars and researchers who examine intellectual property rights in terms of how they actually work in legal, economic, and institutional contexts.’
– Brian Kahin, University of Michigan and formerly White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, US

‘For a long time we have thought about IPRs as a policy instrument to avoid a "tragedy of commons". The essays collected by Birgitte Andersen show that in the XXI century economy there is another, and so far underestimated, danger: a sort of "tragedy of markets" where every knowledge or cultural expression becomes privatised. This will generate a greater knowledge and culture divide, with an increased corporate dominance. Those who are afraid of the dangers of exclusion and believe that open access to science, technology and culture will lead us in a more intriguing world will find convincing arguments and explanations in this volume.’
– Daniele Archibugi, Italian National Research Council, Italy

There is a growing need to understand the role of the regulation of intellectual property rights (IPRs), in order not only to achieve economic performance, growth and sustainable development at corporate, sectoral and global levels, but also to provide a higher quality of life for communities worldwide.

Intellectual Property Rights is cutting edge in addressing current debates affecting businesses, industry sectors and society today, and in focusing not only on the enabling welfare effects of IPR systems, but also on some of the possible adverse effects of IPR systems. The main areas covered in the book are:

• the global commons in an era of corporate dominance and privatisation of the public domain, including science, culture, and healthcare under TRIPS
• the rationales for IPRs, and the importance of an appropriate design of an IPR regime in achieving its objectives
• opening the black box of IPR offices and critically reviewing how they affect economic performance in both theory and practice
• coordinating the institutions (state versus sector institutions, knowledge networks, innovation systems) creating and extracting financial and non-financial value from patents and copyrights.

This book challenges the existing mainstream thinking and analytical frameworks dominating the theoretical literature on IPRs within economics, management, politics, law and regulation theory. It is relevant for policymakers, business analysts, industrial and business economists, researchers and students.

Full table of contents

Contents:

Introduction
Birgitte Andersen

PART I: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND THE GLOBAL COMMONS
1. The Market Economy and the Scientific Commons
Richard R. Nelson

2. Public Interest and the Public Domain in an Era of Corporate Dominance
Fiona Macmillan

3. AIDS, TRIPS and ‘TRIPS Plus’. The Case for Developing and Less Developed Countries
Fabienne Orsi, Mamadou Camara and Benjamin Coriat

PART II: THE RATIONALES FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS REVISITED
4. If ‘Intellectual Property Rights’ is the Answer, What is the Question? Revisiting the Patent Controversies
Birgitte Andersen

5. Why do Small High-Tech Firms Take Out Patents, and Why Not?
Lee N. Davis

PART III: THE PERFORMANCE OF THE PATENTING PROCESS
6. Knowledge Spillovers from the Patenting Process
Jesper Lindgaard Christensen

7. The Determinants of Patentees’ Use of ‘Continuation’ Patent Applications in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, 1980–99
Stuart J.H. Graham

PART IV: COORDINATING INSTITUTIONS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS GOVERNANCE
8. Public and Private Institutions in the Governance of Intellectual Property Rights
Eric Brousseau and Christian Bessy

9. The Exploration of Knowledge Networks through Patent Citations
Stefano Breschi, Lorenzo Cassi and Franco Malerba

10. Intellectual Property Rights for Governance in and of Innovation Systems
Ove Granstrand

Index



 
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